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Voyage au Levant, De Bruin Cornelis-Voyages par la Moscovie, ann

Voyage au Levant, De Bruin Cornelis-Voyages par la Moscovie, anno 1725 Bruin, Cornelis de: Voyage au Levant c'est a dire, dans les Principaux endroits de l'Asie Mineure, dans les Isles de Chio, Rhodes, Chypre, &c. De même que dans les plus considérables Villes d'Egypte, Syrie & Terre Sainte (2 Bde)./ Voyages...par la Moscovie, en Perse et aux Indes orientales (3 Bde; gezählt 3-5). Nouvelle Edition, augmentée considérablement. 5 Bde. Paris: J.-B.-C. Bauche und Rouen: C. Ferrand & R. Machuel 1725. 27,7 x 21 cm. Mit 1 gest. Front., 1 gest. Kopfvign., 5 gest. Karten (dav. 4 gefalt)., 85 gest. Tafeln (dav. 12 gefalt.). Ldr. auf 5 Bünden m. Rs., Rv. (Rücken an den Kapitalen und Ecken stärker bestoßen, Deckel berieben, teils Bezugsdefekte. Wenige Altersflecken, l. gebräunt; mit Besitzvermerk auf dem Titel). Brunet III, 911. Henze I, 378 f. Sammelausgabe der beiden Reisen, geschätzt wegen der zahlreichen darin enthaltenen Kupferstiche. - Der in Den Haag geborene Forschungsreisende Cornelis de Bruin hielt sich in den Jahren 1674-93 in den östlichen Mittelmeerländern auf und brachte von Persepolis die ersten brauchbaren Abbildungen und die ersten lesbaren Keilschrifttexte mit. Besonders auch wegen der von Bruin selbst gezeichneten Illustrationen hochgeschätztes Werk. Eine der besten Reisebeschreibungen seiner Zeit. Cornelis de Bruijn (also spelled Cornelius de Bruyn, pronounced [d? ?brœy?n]; 1652 – 1726/7) was a Dutch artist and traveler. He made two large tours and published illustrated books with his observations of people, buildings, plants and animals. De Bruijn was born in The Hague. During his first tour, he visited Rome, where he became a member of the Bentvueghels with the nickname Adonis, which is how he signed the bentbrief of Abraham Genoels II. He travelled in Egypt and climbed to the top of a pyramid where he left his signature. De Bruijn made secret drawings of Jerusalem, then part of the Ottoman Empire. His drawings of Palmyra are copies. De Bruijn reached Cyprus and stayed among the Dutch merchants in Smyrna and Constantinople. From 1684 he worked in Venice with the painter Johann Carl Loth, returning in 1693 to The Hague, where he sold his souvenirs. In 1698 he published his book with drawings, which was a success and was translated in several languages. Two examples have colored illustrations, the first color prints in history. Among his drawings were the first pictures of the interior of the Great Pyramid and Jerusalem that became known in Europe. In 1701 he headed for Archangelsk. During his second tour he visited the Samoyeds in northern Russia. In Moscow he became acquainted with emperor Peter the Great: de Bruijn painted his nieces, and the paintings were sent to possible candidates for marriage. In late April 1703, De Brujin left Moscow along with the party of an Armenian merchants from Isfahan whose name he recorded as Jacob Daviedof. De Bruijin and the Armenians sailed down the Moscow River, the Oka and the Volga, eventually reaching Astrakhan. Thanks to de Bruijn's short stopover in Nizhny Novgorod during the Easter holidays, we now have his description of that major center of the Russian Volga trade as it existed in 1703, with its Kremlin, stone churches, and a lively bar (kabak) scene.[2] Leaving the borders of the Russian state, de Brujin arrived to Persia, where he made drawings of towns like Isfahan and Persepolis (1704–1705). He continued to Java and returned to Persia, Russia, and ultimately the Netherlands. His drawings of Persepolis, a city destroyed by Alexander the Great, caused a sensation. The mayor of Amsterdam Nicolaes Witsen and a member of the Royal Society probably asked him to draw the city famous for its 40 columns. For a century, they were the best prints available to western scholars. De Bruijn was accused of plagiarism and his second book, Reizen over Moskovie was not such a success. From Amsterdam he fled to Vianen. De Bruijn died in Utrecht. It is not known when and where he was buried.
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