200,00EUR

Pepperwort/Dittander, anno 1543, woodcut, Leonhart Fuchs
[1767]

Pepperwort/Dittander, anno 1543, woodcut, Leonhart Fuchs Old colours, mounted behind passepartout, size: 47x35 and 33x21 cm.. Leonhart Fuchs Leonhart Fuchs: Das Kräuterbuch von 1543 Von Pfefferkraut. Cap. CLXXXIIII. Pfefferkraut ( CCLXXII ) Abbildung: Seite 486 Deutsch: Pfefferkraut Deutsch: Kresse, breitblättrige English: Pepperwort, broad-leaved English: Dittander Francais: herbe au poivre Latein: Lepidium latifolium Namen. P Fefferkraut würt bey den Griechen unn Lateinischen Lepidium / zu unsern zeiten Piperitis genent / doch ist es nit das kraut so Plinius Piperitim nennet / wie wir an seinem ort wöllen klärlicher anzeygen. Es seind etlich die heyssen diß kraut Raphanum / darumb das seine bletter dem Mehrrettich gleich seind / wie wir sölchs weitleüffiger im Latein haben angezogen. Gestalt. Pfefferkraut hat einen runden stengel / der würt etwan zwo elen lang. Seine bletter seind den Lorberbaum blettern nit unänlich / doch weycher und grösder / zu ringßumbher zerkerfft / am geschmack gantz scharpff wie der Pfeffer. Am stengel wachsen vil kleiner weisser blümlin / unnd so dise abfallen kompt herfür der klein same. Die wurtzel ist lang und schlecht. Statt seiner wachsung. Pfefferkraut würt in gärten gepflantzt / und wo es ein mal hin kompt / ist es nit wol zu vertreiben. Zeit. Das Pfefferkraut blüet im Brachmonat unnd Hewmonat / nachfolgends bringt es seinen samen. Die natur und complexion. Das Pfefferkraut ist warm im vierdten grad / wie der Gartenkreß / ist aber weniger trucken. Die krafft und würckung. Pfefferkraut braucht man fürnemlich mit saltz unnd essig zu den saltzen. Die bletter eüsserlich gebraucht zerstossen unnd übergelegt / seind seer scharpff / und etzen. Pfefferkraut gestossen mit Alantwurtzel über die hüfft gelegt / unn ein viertheyl stund drob gelassen / erweckt kleine bläterlin / unnd benimpt den weetagen derselbigen. Auff das miltz gelegt / thuts dergleichen. Es vertreibt auch allerley masen under dem angesicht / und sonst an dem leib / übergelegt / doch frißt es vorhin die haut hinweg. Die wurtzel an hals gehenckt / benimpt den weetagen der zän. Und in summa / hat fast alle würckung des Gartenkressen. Leonhart Fuchs (1501 – 10 May 1566), sometimes spelled Leonhard Fuchs,[1] was a German physician and botanist. His chief notability is as the author of a large book about plants and their uses as medicines, i.e. a Herbal Book. It was first published in 1542 in Latin. It has about 500 accurate and detailed drawings of plants, which were printed from woodcuts. The drawings are the book's most notable advance on its predecessors.[2] Although drawings were in use beforehand in other Herbal books, Fuchs' Herbal book proved and emphasized high-quality drawings as the most telling way to specify what a plant name stands for. The botanical genus Fuchsia is named in his honour, and consequently the colour fuchsia. Fuchs was born in 1501 in Wemding in the Duchy of Bavaria. After attending a school in Heilbronn, Fuchs went to the Marienschule in Erfurt, Thuringia at the age of twelve, and graduated as Baccalaureus artium. In 1524 he became Magister Artium in Ingolstadt, and received a doctor of medicine degree in the same year. From 1524-1526 he practiced as a doctor in Munich, until he received a chair of medicine at Ingolstadt in 1526. From 1528-1531 he was the personal physician of Georg, Margrave of Brandenburg in Ansbach. Fuchs was called to Tübingen by Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg in 1533 to help in reforming the University of Tübingen in the spirit of humanism. He created its first medicinal garden in 1535 and served as chancellor seven times, spending the last thirty-one years of his life as professor of medicine. Fuchs died in Tübingen in 1566. Scientific views Like his medieval predecessors and his contemporaries, Fuchs was heavily influenced by the three Greek and Roman writers on medicine and materia medica, Dioscorides, Hippocrates, and Galen. He wanted to fight the Arab hegemony in medicine, as it had been transmitted by the Medical School of Salerno, and to "return" to the Greek authors. But he saw the importance of practical experience as well and offered botanical field days for the students, where he demonstrated the medicinal plants in situ. He founded one of the first German botanical gardens MOUNTED BEHIND PASSEPARTOUT, SIZE: 40x30 and 30x20 cm..
Pepperwort/Dittander, anno 1543, woodcut, Leonhart Fuchs by Fuchs Leonhart, 1501-1566
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