Saffron, meadow, Crocus, Autumn, anno 1543, Leonhart Fuchs

Saffron, meadow, Crocus, Autumn, anno 1543, Leonhart Fuchs Leonhart Fuchs Leonhart Fuchs: Das Kräuterbuch von 1543 Von Zeitlosen. Cap. CXXXIIII Abb 202 (Seite: 368) : Zeitlosen mit blettern und samen (CCII) Lateinisch: Colchicum autumnale Deutsch: Herbstzeitlose English: Saffron, meadow English: Crocus, Autumn English: Ladies, naked In der Nationalbibliothek Wien mit folgenden Daten gespeichert: Codex: 11 120 2 (1): 491 Bezeichnung auf den Holzschnitten: Baumann: Colchicum autumnale L. Lateinisch: COLCHICI PURPUREI FOLIA ET SEMEN Deutsch: Braun zeitlosen mit bletter und somen Leonhart Fuchs (1501 – 10 May 1566), sometimes spelled Leonhard Fuchs,[1] was a German physician and botanist. His chief notability is as the author of a large book about plants and their uses as medicines, i.e. a Herbal Book. It was first published in 1542 in Latin. It has about 500 accurate and detailed drawings of plants, which were printed from woodcuts. The drawings are the book's most notable advance on its predecessors.[2] Although drawings were in use beforehand in other Herbal books, Fuchs' Herbal book proved and emphasized high-quality drawings as the most telling way to specify what a plant name stands for. The botanical genus Fuchsia is named in his honour, and consequently the colour fuchsia. Fuchs was born in 1501 in Wemding in the Duchy of Bavaria. After attending a school in Heilbronn, Fuchs went to the Marienschule in Erfurt, Thuringia at the age of twelve, and graduated as Baccalaureus artium. In 1524 he became Magister Artium in Ingolstadt, and received a doctor of medicine degree in the same year. From 1524-1526 he practiced as a doctor in Munich, until he received a chair of medicine at Ingolstadt in 1526. From 1528-1531 he was the personal physician of Georg, Margrave of Brandenburg in Ansbach. Fuchs was called to Tübingen by Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg in 1533 to help in reforming the University of Tübingen in the spirit of humanism. He created its first medicinal garden in 1535 and served as chancellor seven times, spending the last thirty-one years of his life as professor of medicine. Fuchs died in Tübingen in 1566. Scientific views Like his medieval predecessors and his contemporaries, Fuchs was heavily influenced by the three Greek and Roman writers on medicine and materia medica, Dioscorides, Hippocrates, and Galen. He wanted to fight the Arab hegemony in medicine, as it had been transmitted by the Medical School of Salerno, and to "return" to the Greek authors. But he saw the importance of practical experience as well and offered botanical field days for the students, where he demonstrated the medicinal plants in situ. He founded one of the first German botanical gardens Wall-pepper, anno 1543, Fuchs Leonhard, old colours Lateinisch: Sedum acre Deutsch: Mauerpfeffer, scharfer English: Wall-pepper English: Stonecrop, common Francais: orpin brûlant Francais: pain d'oiseau Francais: poivre de muraille In der Nationalbibliothek Wien mit folgenden Daten gespeichert: Codex: 11 117 1 (1): 131 Bezeichnung auf den Holzschnitten: Baumann: Sedum acre L. Lateinisch: TERTIUM SEDI GENUS Deutsch: Katzentreublen Informationen von Prof. Dr. Heinrich Marzell (1938): Blüte: Blüten gelb Vorkommen: Häufig an sonnigen, steinigen Plätzen, auf Mauern, an Felsen, an Bahndämmen. Verwendung: Als Volksmittel gegen Hämorrhoiden gebraucht. MOUNTED BEHIND PASSEPARTOUT; SIZE: 40X30 AND 30X20 CM..
Saffron, meadow, Crocus, Autumn, anno 1543, Leonhart Fuchs by Fuchs Leonhart, 1501-1566
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